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On our site You can find out all about what is Hydro-X process and what it is used for, as well as the methods to be implemented during the Hydro-X process ( conditioning boiler water, scale and corrosion removal, as well as preventing them, etc.)

 
 
 

THE FUNCTIONAL PRINCIPLES OF THE HYDRO-X PROCESS

 

THE HYDRO-X PRINCIPLES CREATE PROFITABILITY

The effects of the application of Hydro-X:

  • - It will prevent the formation of boiler scale particles;
  • - It will dissolve existing scale layers and transform these into sludge to be removed by blow-down;
  • - It will mobilize sludge so it does not choke valves and meters and which can be collected and removed;
  • - It will stop any working corrosion of the system and prevent corrosion of the metals steel,copper, zinc, stainless steel and brass;
  • - It will secure the production of 100% pure and neutral steam;
  • - It will secure the steam plant from priming.

The effects of eight individual substances

Hydro-X contains eight different substances. Partly organic with physical effects. Partly inorganic with chemical effects. The internal effects of the substances is complex, yet may in a simplified table look as follows:


Organic substances:

 


- Sodium mannuronate and alignate

- Sodium tannate

- Lignin

- Starch

- Glycol derivatives


Loosens boiler scale.

Forms a corrosion protecting tannate and adsorbs oxygen.

Prevents boiler scale.

Conditions sludge.

Suppress foam formation.


Inorganic substances:

 


- Sodium hydroxide

- Trisodium phosphate


Precipitates the hardness of water and controls the pH-value. Preserves the magnetite layer.

Prevents scale formation and protects the iron surface.

 

Chemical boiler water treatment

Hydro-X follows principles which are different from the traditional ones within chemical boiler water treatment. Those products are often simple compositions. A boiler water treatment with purely chemical effects reacts chemically with salts which are dissolved in the water. This means that the effects are based on the laws of stoichiometry.

Danger of overdoasing

The addition of chemicals must be carefully calculated in close ratio with the quantity of impurities actually present in a dissolved state in the water. An overdose might consequently result in undesirable effects such as corrosion, foaming or priming. The Hydro-X process is based on totally different principles. The Hydro-X process is based on totally different principles. The total quantity of basic products NaOH and Na3PO4 is small in water which is conditioned with Hydro-X, only approximately 1/10 of the quantity which is needed for softening according to the principles of stoichiometry.

Hydro-X boiler water treatment

The Hydro-X composition promotes reactions in the water which are more physical than chemical. Both the organic and the inorganic substances have their own functions, yet each of the substances supplements the effect of the other substance in a synergistic way. The substances serve a number of special purposes:

Sodium alginate and mannuronate

are used in conjunction with catalytic particles. They make the formation of molecules with a special construction and function possible; these precipitate calcium and magnesium salts.

Sodium tannate

adsorbs oxygen effectively and helps to build corrosion protecting iron tannate layer.

Lignin

has qualities which are like those of tannate. It is also responsible for the scale removing effects of Hydro-X.

 

Starch

helps to separate the sludge particles and to mobilize them.

Glycol derivatives

provide an effective deterrent against foaming and priming.

Sodium hydroxide and trisodium phosphate

are inorganic constituents of Hydro-X and have several secondary, yet important effects. They maintain a week alkalinity, favorable to the reaction of the organic particles. They serve as indicators for the concentration of the mixture and make reliable measurement possible by simple hydrochloric acid titration (by n/10 HCl). The strength of the Hydro-X process is the combination of physical and chemical effects.

 
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